Top Grade Bone China Coffee Tea Mug Vincent Willem Van Gogh Post Impressionism Famous Painting The Starry Night Art Cup Dish Set

Top Grade Bone China Coffee Tea Mug Vincent Willem Van Gogh Post Impressionism Famous Painting The Starry Night Art Cup Dish Set
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Brand ZEETOONMaterial Ceramic, Porcelain
Name Boutique Ceramic Master CupsCraft Handmade, Hand Painted, Famille Rose Porcelain
Size FIG.Package List 1PCS Teacup (Without Other Tea Set)
 Safe Packaging
Application areas Living Room, Tea room, Office
                 Find out more on Famille Rose Porcelain, go to the bottom of the page



About Famille Rose Porcelain

Chinese famille-rose porcelain refers to Chinese porcelain decorated with predominantly pink coloured 

enamel, made from colloidal gold, which was first used in the late Kangxi period. In early eighteenth 

century Chinese famille-rose was sometimes referred to as \'fencai\' meaning foreign colour.

There are various theories as to how this enamel came to be used in China, one suggestion is that it was 

invented by Andreas Cassius of Leyden in the 17th century and found its way to China through the Jesuits, 

possibly by courtesy of Guiseppe Castiglione. However, I think it is more likely that the introduction of this 

enamel was the result of the Jesuits being aware of its use by European enamellers at Limoges or some of 

the German factories where the rose coloured enamel on copper had been in use prior to its discovery by 

Andreas Cassius. Possibly it was first used on Canton enamel.

In Qing famille-rose enamelled wares the glaze is different from that used for under-glaze blue, according to 

Pere d\'Entrecolles the glaze was made more opaque by the addition of liquefied fern ash. The resulting glaze 

enhanced the effect of the coloured enamels. Peire d\'Entrecolles also states that in the case of Qing porcelain 

where the enamels were to be finely shaded an additional enamelled coating was added to the glaze using a 

white powder composed of a type of quartz sand mixed with lead powder, this technique was used on 

cloisonné wares from Limoges. In the Guimet Museum in Paris there is a pair of famille-rose cups inscribed 

by the Jingdezhen potter with "I L" the mark for Jaques Laudin (1627-1695), a maker of cloisonné wares 

at Limoges.

On famille-rose porcelain made at Jingdezhen (This factory was restarted in 1683 after its destruction during 

the Qing defeat of the Ming earlier in the century) the enamel was not initially as clean and translucent as it 

quickly became in the Yongzheng period when it reached its qualitative peak. There are one or two dateable 

early Canton enamel pieces where the enamel is quite poor. The fine and delicate decoration with fine shading 

to the enamels on Yongzheng porcelain had a feminine quality unlike the famille-verte porcelain made in the 

preceding period of Kangxi, when the decoration tended to be very much stronger. In the subsequent Qianlong 

period the quality on the export wares started to deteriorate quite rapidly. The enamels became far less clean 

and translucent and the drawing not so fine. In the Imperial porcelain the quality remained much higher. It is 

worth noting that like the famille-verte wares famille-rose was much copied in nineteenth century Europe, 

particularly by Samson. The Samson copies at their best can be quite good. In genuine pieces the enamels are 

usually much thicker than that found on most copies including those by Samson. It is also worth noting that the 

halo round the enamels is also a useful guide to the authenticity of a piece. Another characteristic of Samson is 

that its glaze is too clean and glassy and this can be best seen where it accumulates inside foot rims. Copies often 

got the potting wrong. During the Kangxi period the rims of bowls tended to be quite thin whereas later on the 

rims were inclined to be thicker, the thickness and weight of the bases of 18th century bowls were nicely balanced 

to the rest of the dish or bowl but in the 19th century the most of the weight often resided in the base.

One of the finest groups of Yongzheng export porcelains are the \'eggshell\' wares which sometimes have a ruby 

back. Unfortunately, these are well copied not only by Samson in France but also by in Hungary. The best way of 

detecting some of the good copies is by closely looking at the drawing which is somewhat stiff particularly in the 

cartouches on the rim bands. For Imperial use the best famille-rose is called Gu Yue Xuan where some of the 

motives were inspired by the Italian painter Castiglione. These again are much copied. Most pieces are decorated 

with birds, flowers and rock-work and occasionally poems. On genuine pieces the flowers have lively Spring-like 

quality whereas on the copies the flowers look in need of watering. The body of the genuine pieces is extremely 

white both the glaze and the body are primarily composed of petuntse fired together at a very high temperature 

giving them a gem-like quality. The very distinctive four character seal marks are written in over-glaze blue enamel 

(with the exception of a few produced in the Yongzheng period) which on close examination have an iridescent halo.

Large numbers of famille-rose services with family armorials were made for export to Europe but the Kangxi and 

Yongzheng examples are somewhat rare.